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The Letters of Elizabeth Baeeett 

Bbowning Sophie Chantal Hart . . . 315 

Companionship B. C 320 

A Pathetic Fallacy Edith B. Lehman, 1900 . . . 320 

The Ways or Boys L. K. F. 323 

A Rondel B. C. 326 

The New Bedfoed Steike .... Clara W. Brown .... 326 

A Follower of Bieds G. L. C. 330 

Editoeials 334 

Free Press . 337 

Helen Webster Pettee — In Memoeiam 339 

In Memoey of Helen Pettee, '98 341 

College Confebences 342 

Exchanges 343 

The Books We Read 345 

College Notes 348 

Society Notes 350 

Alumnae Notes . 353 

Maebiages 357 

Bieths 357 

Deaths 357 

idol tDiL — Bpril, 1898- -no. i. 

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The Welle sley Magazine. 

Vol. VI. WELLESLEY, APRIL 16, 1898. No. 7. 







The Wellesley Magazine is published monthly, from October to June, by a board of editors 
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Love of romance seems to be a deeply rooted instinct of the human 
heart. Those of us who enjoy pure romance in which the hero and heroine 
fall in love with each other under the most trying circumstances, in which 
they run counter to every dictate of prudence and common sense, and yet 
marry and live happy ever after, will revel in these newly published 
"Letters of Mrs. Browning." They read like a story book, only with the 
added merit of being not fiction but truth. The secret satisfaction we all 
feel when reason and cold calculation are put to rout by one splendid burst 


of spontaneous faith, is vindicated in these "Letters," for they tell of con- 
ditions of human love and comradeship which pass all common under- 
standing. From my point of view at least, the chief value of the 
Letters lies in their interest as a love story, showing with mingled 
delicacy and fervor the spiritual union of two of the famous poets of 
this century. 

Mrs. Browning's early life is one long record of physical suffering and 
pain. A fall from a horse at the age of fifteen gave the first shock to a 
constitution naturally delicate ; this followed by a gradually developing 
bronchial trouble which kept her a close prisoner for months at a time, 
brought about in her young womanhood that state of chronic invalidism in 
which she remained up to the time of her marriage. It is indeed hearten- 
ing to our courage to read of the magnificent triumph of spirit over flesh 
which all these years of her life tell. Like Robert Louis Stevenson, whose 
existence was passed, too, in the bondage of pain, she wrote, wrote, wrote, 
whenever she was able to sit up, words that have no note of lamentation in 
them, but give answer to the world in ringing joyousness and hope. Speak- 
ing of Carlyle's phrase — literature is a "fire-proof pleasure," Mrs. Browning 
says with emotion, " How truly ! how deeply I have felt that truth !" The 
evidence of the letters would show that it was only by absorption in her 
writing that she saved herself from despair, especially after the crushing 
sorrow of her brother's drowning at Torquay. Her friends thought that 
the flame of life flickering uncertainly so long would be blotted out by this 
fearful blow. 

So critical was her condition that it was more than a year after her 
brother's death before Miss Barrett could be moved back to her father's 
house in London. A wonderful patent carriage with a bed supported by a 
hundred springs came to convey her home, while doctors looked on with 
dismay, called it a hazardous attempt for one whose greatest exertion was 
to be lifted in arms from bed to sofa, and again from sofa to bed. From 
the moment of her return to London in 1841 until her marriage in 1846, 
Miss Barrett rarely left her father's house, seldom was able to go down 
stairs, and for months never crossed the threshold of her room. When at 
the end of a summer's strength she records that she is able to walk about 
her room, has been downstairs four or five times, she cries out in victory. 


It is almost impossible for one of us, I fancy, to conceive what life such as 
this must be. "I live in London, to be sure, and except for the glory of 
it I might live in a desert, so profound is my solitude, and so complete my 
isolation from things and persons without. I lie all day, and da}' after day, 
on the sofa, and my windows do not even look into the street. I have my 
ivy planted in a box, and it has spread over my window, and strikes against 
the glass with a little stroke from the thicker leaves when the wind blows 
at all briskly. Then I think of forests and groves ; it is my triumph when 
the leaves strike the window pane ! " Again she writes, " Flush's [her dog] 
breathing is my loudest sound, and then the watch's tickings, and then my 
own heart when it beats too turbulently." 

From this sick room which seems almost a prison house, there issued 
forth poem after poem, articles on the Greek Christian Poets, critical papers 
on English literature. "When in 1844 she published her two volumes of 
new poems, Mr. Browning, who chanced to express admiration of them to 
her cousin, Mr. Kenyon, was urged by him to write her a note. The ref- 
erence to Browning in one of the poems, " Lady Geraldine's Secret," 

"Or from Browning some ' Pomegranate,' which, if cut deep down the middle, 
Shows a heart withiu, blood-tinctured, of a veined humanity," 

may have given him the immediate excuse for the note. "I had a letter 
from Browning the poet last night, which threw me into ecstacies, — 
Browning, the author of ' Paracelsus,' and king of the mystics." The 
acquaintance thus begun ended two years later in the romantic marriage. 
What this experience of love meant to the secluded invalid can best be read in 
the " Sonnets from the Portuguese." One of the letters written shortly after 
her marriage is a prose translation of two of the sonnets, so intimate that it 
can hardly be quoted here. The lettei's bring into clear light the facts 
which justified Miss Barrett in leaving her father's house secretly, without 
his consent. Besides the hard and unrelenting father, there were other 
circumstances in this marriage that might well cause dismay. During the 
days of their courtship, Robert Browning had been received by Miss Barrett, 
as she was obliged to see the very few friends whom she saw, lying on her 
sofa ; he did not believe that she could ever stand on her feet and meet him 
face to face ; Miss Barrett was forty years old, so frail in body that there 


seemed little hope she could share in the activities of life. The money at 
their disposal was comparatively small. Surely lovers never faced greater 
obstacles — and won more glorious reward ! 

Unlike most romances of fiction, the interest does not end with marriage, 
but waxes greater and greater. Never were there more idyllic scenes from 
life than the record of those early married days in Italy. The Prince Charm- 
ing takes his invalid bride from the pain and gloom of London and presto ! 
change. She is next walking, actually walking, under the sight of a "blue 
sky floating like a sea-tide," throbbing with exultant joy over the wonderful 
beauty of Italy borne in on her responsive senses. In the flight southward 
just after the marriage, one picture stands out particularly : "During a rest 
of a few days at Avignon, a pilgrimage was made to Vaucluse in honor of 
Petrarch and his Laura. There at the very source of the l chiare, fresche, e 
dolci deque,' Mr. Browning took his wife up in his arms, and carrying her 
across the shallow curling water, seated her on a rock that rose thronelike in 
the middle of the stream ! Thus love and poetry took a new possession of 
the spot immortalized by Petrarch's loving fancy." At Pisa, where they first 
settled, we find them living as befits lovers. Dinner is sent in from the 
restaurant; we "can dine in our favorite way on thrushes and chianti, with 
a miraculous cheapness, and no trouble, no cook, no kitchen, — the prophet 
Elijah or the lilies of the field took as little thought for their dining. It is a 
continental fashion which we never cease commending. Then at six we have 
coffee and rolls made of milk, and at nine our supper of roast chestnuts and 
grapes." Mrs. Browning writes back to her English friends in high glee over 
their success in "making both ends meet"; that they, two poets, should be 
capable of exercising so much forethought and economy is a source of never- 
ending domestic merriment. It was at Pisa the "Sonnets from the Portu- 
guese," written during their courtship and engagement, were first seen by 
Mr. Browning. One mornino - after breakfast he "stood at the window 
watching the street until the table should be cleared. He was presently 
aware of some one behind him, although the servant was gone. It was Mrs. 
Browning, who held him by the shoulder to prevent his turning to look at 
her, and at the same time pushed a packet of papers into his coat. She told 
him to read that, and to tear it up if he did not like it ; and then she fled to 
her own room." The letters are full of details about the new home life, 


delightfully fresh, frank, and simple. It is a home life so perfect that it 
revives our faith that the ideal can be made real in this world. The happiness 
of the mother in her son, the flashes of side light on the character of Robert 
Browning, — greater even as man than as poet, — the circumstances that link 
themselves with the writing of many of their famous poems, entice us from 
page to page. 

I have said that I consider the chief interest of the "Letters" lies in their 
worth as a human story ; unless this of itself makes the strongest appeal to 
the reader, I conceive that the "Letters" might be found disappointing. 
There are no brilliant apercus, and there are dreary pages of Italian politics. 
For those who care for the Brownings, who care to know Mrs. Browning as 
woman, the "Letters" are richly suggestive and illuminating. They make 
clear how impossible it is to understand her without taking into account her 
long invalidism and seclusion ; how completely she missed the rough-and- 
tumble contact with things and people, a contact which mercifully blunts the 
edge of feeling. Hers remained always a tremulously sensitive nature, with 
"a pulse that would fly off at a word." In missing the discipline of a more 
active life in early womanhood, she missed the external check on a too 
passionate vehemence. The note of occasional extravagance in the letters is 
the outcome of very special conditions of life and health. She lived intensely, 
understood people and things emotionally, thereby making them part of her- 
self. Although her circle of friends included the greatest names in literature, 
— Tennyson, Carlyle, Ruskin, Thackeray, Dickens, George Sand, and others 
known to fame, — there are strikingly few delicate and fine characterizations 
of them. In the ' ' Letters " we jostle against these noted figures unreflecti vely, 
for the most part, — here and there an anecdote or a remark to show Mrs. 
Browning's personal feeling toward them. Scattered up and down the pages 
are bits that stay in one's memory, — the half hour spent at Wordsworth's 
side, for instance ; touches of personal description, as of Walter Savage 
Landor, who "has the most beautiful sea-foam of a beard you ever saw, all 
in a curl and white bubblement of beauty." But, of course, far better than 
the glimpses of other people is the insight which the "Letters" give into Mrs. 
Browning's own large-hearted, generous womanhood, — a nature quivering in 
every fibre with rich humanity. 

Sophie Chant al Hart. 



One dreamed success had brought the dear-won fame. 
From over seas the erstwhile scornful came, 

And freely lavished wealth and homage, too, 
On him who bore at last a glittering name. 

One dreamed that sight, long-sought, had rendered clear 
The clue to all the baffling tangle here ; 

And reason showed to him the way of peace, 
For peace and vision, so they say, dwell near. 

But yet one dreamed that while he stood and smiled, 
And heard the world-wide plaudits, through the wild 

And dreary night, his soul went wandering 
And crying like a little frightened child. 

And then he woke. O'er all the morning land 
The silver-throated birds sang, and a band 

Of golden sunlight slanted 'cross the wall, 
And fast in his lay warm a human hand. 

R. C. 


Here Bauman took the faded green umbrella from the rack, dusted 
his old brown derby, and pulled on the overcoat with the fringing edges. 
Then, with a grunt of disgust, he plodded out into the slush of the street and 
the discouraging drizzle of the February morning. Day in, day out, the 
Professor had gone through this same performance, with variations only of 
time and weather ; day by day his old coat grew older, the umbrella 
shabbier, his bent shoulders rounder, and his heart wearier beneath the 
burden of a family's support and of an uncongenial task. No one saw any 
pathos in the Professor's stout, square figure, in the blunt, good-natured, 
German face, covered by its stubby, grizzled beard, or in the twinkling eyes 
behind the round spectacles. Such is the disadvantage of a prosaic exterior. 
Who knows what feelings of disinterested philanthropy, practical or senti- 
mental, he might have aroused, had he been some poor scientist, sickly 
student, or even tradesman in financial difficulties ; but, being only a poor 


German music teacher somewhat inclined to be stout and bald, with a 
family of six on his hands, and of an uncertain temper toward the 
little girls of no particular musical bent who were so unfortunate as to 
be under his tuition, our poor old gentleman went his way from his own 
modest home to those of his pupils, in sunshine and rain, from youth 
to old age. . 

It must not be imagined, however, that because the Professor had five 
small mouths to feed, and five little minds to educate to the duties of Ameri- 
can citizenship and the beauties of the pianoforte, that because his days 
were spent in teaching clumsy little fingers the way they should go upon the 
keyboard, his life was utterly monotonous and gloomy. For the Pro- 
fessor had many pleasures, German and serene. Sometimes there were 
concerts by famous masters, who came to the city, and for which spare 
pennies were carefully hoarded up ; sometimes there were meetings of the 
Gesangverein, of which he was conductor, and to which his wife accom- 
panied him, smiling with pride and arrayed with painful care ; sometimes, 
in summer, there were long street car rides into the country with the chil- 
dren, to some secluded lake-shore grape-farm, where beer flowed like water, 
and where the Professor could smoke his pipe in peace, and watch his five 
little ones playing in the leafy alleyways. These were the superficial 
pleasures of Herr Bauman's life. He had also a deeper one, which filled his 
days with a sense of pride and comfort inconceivable. 

What this pleasure was may be surmised from the fact that, on his way 
up the street, the Professor took from his pocket and reread lovingly two 
letters of foreign aspect, one bearing a Greek stamp, the other a German, 
and the name of a well-known German conservatory. 

"My boys," muttered Herr Bauman. " Ach, it is a good thing to have 
such children," and his face beamed like the sun itself, as he entered Miss 
Ford's music room. She was his favorite pupil, a slim, sweet-faced girl of 
real talent, who had long outgrown the Professor's old-fashioned methods, 
but had been loth to give him up, partly because she was still unaware of, his 
deficiencies, partly because she had a real fondness for the hot-headed old 

"You look happy, Herr Professor," she said, as she selected her music 
and opened the piano. " The weather has not troubled you, then?" 


"It is the good news I have of my Edouard and my Fritz, that pleases 
me much," he answered. "See, this letter is from my Fritz, who is in 
Athens. The German government sent him there to dig up mines. That is 
fine, is it not? He is a Doctor, a Doctor of Philosophy from Gottingen, 
and he has written a book that has been much praised. He is a good boy, 
yes, — but see, Fraulein Ford, that is not what makes me glad. It is this, 
from my Edouard. He comes here, to America, to sing in concert next 
month. He has a fine voice, — tenor, — ach, you should hear w 7 hat they have 
said of him in the Conservatory!" Here Herr Bauman read some extracts 
from the letter, and Miss Ford listened sympathetically. 

" Will he come to this city?" she asked. 

"Ach, yes," cried the delighted Professor. "He will give a concert 
here, and I will manage it. You must surely come, and your mother, too. 
Yes, you must come. But now, Fraulein, we must have the sonata," and 
Herr Bauman wiped his spectacles vigorously with his great silk handker- 
chief, as a signal for the lesson to begin. 

All that month the Professor walked on clouds — not common earth. 
Visions of his son's triumphs, of his own tranquil and care-free future, 
floated before him, and lent something seraphic to the expression of his 
rugged old face. His pupils wondered and rejoiced at the serenity of his 
temper; no more thunderous corrections, slapping of knuckles, and yell- 
ings of " Du Dummkopf!" at affrighted pupils; no more w T eepings and 
wailings when the lesson was over. But, instead, the Professor sat through 
the period with a smile of absent-minded approval upon his face, and his 
affectionate " Sehr gut, mein Fraulein," sent thrills of astonished delight to 
many a youthful breast. For Herr Bauman was ecstatic in the conscious- 
ness of being the father of a celebrity, a position in many respects happier 
than that of the celebrity himself. He drew wonderful pictures for himself 
and for his wife, as she sat darning enormous heaps of stockings, of the 
concert night, the applause, the newspaper notices, the congratulations of the 
Gesangverein. And under all these visions of glory lay the timid hope 
that at last the burden of the family's support was to be shifted to shoul- 
ders younger and stronger than his own ; that the time had almost come 
when he might no longer have to tramp through mud and rain to the tor- 
ment of discords and youthful thumpings. 


The night of the recital, Miss Ford, true to her promise, came with 
her mother to occupy seats of honor near the grand piano. She had come 
to take an almost personal interest in the event through sympathy with 
her old teacher, and because she was interested in the singer himself, and 
curious to see him. He had been well advertised, and the hall was crowded. 
She watched Herr Bauman darting about distractedly, and she felt herself 
grow nervous with him. The Professor was resplendent in a new full-dress 
suit ; he wore a rose in his buttonhole, and his face shone with anxious 
pride. At last he seated himself at the piano, and the singer appeared. 
He was a slim young man, with very shiny black hair worn rather long; 
he had a pink and white skin, and a weakly complacent face. He re- 
minded Miss Ford of the little bridegroom figures upon old-fashioned wed- 
ding-cakes, so she kept her eyes fixed upon her programme for fear of 
being prejudiced. The first number was to be a simple spring song of 
Nevin's. It was one of her favorites, and she wanted him to sing it well 
for the song's sake and Herr Bauman's. 

After the recital, as the audience were leaving, some with smiles of 
amused patience, others more intolerant and outspoken, Miss Ford walked 
up to the Professor and his son, and shook the hands of both warmly. 
"You have given me great pleasure," she said simply, hoping the heav- 
ens keep no strict account of truth and falsehood. She felt an unde- 
finable pity and heart-ache. As she left the hall, she said to her mother, 
" Do you know, I have changed my mind about studying under Mr. Tay- 
lor this year. I think I'll keep Herr Bauman a year or two longer." 

Edith B. Lehman, 1900. 


Ted was twelve, and Jem was only eight, so what Ted said was pretty 
apt to go with the two of them. That morning sister Anne had been putting 
up a dainty lunch for a picnic she had planned with two of her friends. 
Sister Anne had also been trying to make the little boys pick up the apples 
that were going to waste on the ground. The friends didn't come, and the 
boys continued to build block houses on the piazza floor. Then sister Anne 


grew desperate and said, "Boys, if you will pick up carefully all the apples 
you can, and Jo and Bess haven't come when you get through, you may 
have the lunch, and go on a picnic yourselves." 

After sister Anne had gone back into the house, Ted looked at Jem, 
with a wink. "Jem," he said, in a stage whisper, "let's each pick up three 
apples. That's all we can, because that's all we want to. Then we'll run 
before the people can possibly come." 

Jem nodded acquiescence, and two moments later four bare, brown 
legs went scurrying down the shady road to the pond in the woods. It was 
about eleven then, and the boys were so hungry, they thought they would 
have a look at the food before they even went in swimming. Such good 
things to eat ! Boiled eggs, and jelly sandwiches, and first-rate cakes and 
things ! They'd been rather clever to manage that little affair, but, somehow 
or other, the boys weren't quite as hungry as they thought they were. 
They ate pretty slowly on the whole, and stopped some time between each 
bite. After awhile Jem looked at Ted appealingly, and Ted remarked in 
a judicial tone, "It was kinder mean." 

"Yes," said Jem. Then they ate a moment more. 

"Do you think it's much fun, Jem?" Ted asked at length. 

"No," acknowledged Jem; "taste's good, but it's horrid feeling 
mean,"- which was so much for Jem to venture that it silenced both boys. 

"Got any money, Jem?" 

"Ten cents for picking strawberries for sister Anne." 

"I've got fifteen. Say, you cart these things straight home, and I'll 
take our money down town, and buy some things to make up for what 
we've took." 

"What'll you get, Ted?" 

"Oh, I dunno ; some candy and pickles, I guess, and maybe some 
bananas. I should think they'd like that, shouldn't you?" 

"Maybe; but shouldn't you think we might go home and see if they'd 
come before we spent so much?" 

"No!" thundered Ted, so witheringly that Jem started off without 
another word. 

Ted went down town feeling rather virtuous, though he experienced 
a slight amount of disappointment at the size of the bag his quarter pro- 


cured. On the way home he passed the little house where Mr. Ilton, a feeble- 
minded old man, lived. Mr. Ilton was sitting on the steps, and when he 
saw Ted he called to him. "I've been sitting here, hoping you or Jem 
would go by," he said. "I found five birds' eggs. I should like to send 
them to Jem." (Jem had always been a prime favorite with Mr. Ilton.) 

Ted took the box, looking a little wistful, and went on toward home. 
He stopped at last, under a shady tree, took off the cover, and inspected 
the eggs. There were two, four, six of them, beautiful eggs. And one, 
oh lucky Jem ! one was a partridge egg. "Mr. Ilton said he would like to 
send five to Jem, and here were six ; suppose — " 

Ted hung onto his toes, and squinted reflectively at the eggs. "It's 
horrid feeling mean." It was Jem said that, and Jem was only eight. Ted 
was twelve. "Well, I guess I'll go home," Ted said softly to himself. 
Then, for fear his temptations would get the better of him yet, he ran as 
fast as his sturdy legs could carry him, the bag and box held together in 
his hand. 

Jem was playing behind the house. When Ted saw him he felt a 
queer sort of warmth in his chest. He was ° - lad he hadn't taken that e^ff. 

1 O DO 

He cared a good deal for Jem. 

"Here, Jem, Mr. Ilton sent you some eggs," he said, breathlessly, 
handing over the box. 

Jem lifted the cover with a delighted squeal, — but, oh woe ! — in his 
running Ted had shaken the box until every single delicate little egs; was 
broken. White with rage, Jem called Ted by a very ugly name, and 
threw the box straight at his head. 

Ted dodged the box; then he gazed at his small brother. "Jem, you 
had ought to be killed," he ejaculated, dealing a tremendous blow between 
the eyes. Sister Anne appeared just in time to see the blow and hear 
Jem's howl. She took Ted by his collar, and marched him into the barn, 
to a certain windowless closet the boys had often seen. Anne shoved Ted 
in, with a scathing remark about cowardly boys that struck their little 
brothers. Ted sat down on the floor, and took hold of his toes again, 
blinking at the darkness. He was indulging in some rather queer thoughts 
about life in general, and trying to be good in particular. 

L. K. F. 


I gave to thee a violet ; 

The gift was scorned, the giver, too ! 

Alackaday ! I would 'twere true 
That thou and I had never met, 

Since, gazing in thine eyes of blue 
I gave to thee a violet, 

And th' gift was scorned, the giver, too ! 

I mark my empty heart, " To Let," 

But thoughts of thee come dancing thro' 

And make a dangerous to-do. 
Ah me ! I fear I'll ne'er forget 
I gave to thee a violet. 

R. C. 

There are few girls in college who have not heard something of the 

© © © 

strike running at present in New Bedford. There are many who are un- 
willing or unable to read all that the newspapers have to say on the subject, 
and yet who wish to have a clear idea of the events of this strike and its sig- 
nificance. This article cannot pretend to discuss the question exhaustively, 
or solve questions too difficult for mill owners or statesmen to answer at 
present. These questions will be solved, perhaps, in the near future. Either 
the cotton industry of New England, one of its chief pursuits, will be doomed, 
and ruined mills will stand alongside rotting shipyards and wharves, or the 
proper remedy for the present depression will be found and applied. 

But the New Bedford strike is not only a symptom of a deep-rooted 
disease, it is a little story in itself, with its dramatic incidents, and its 
pathos. To appreciate this we must make " operative " stand for something : 
a man with a healthy appetite, and shoes that wear out ; with a family, and 
ambitions leading toward a little garden and lace curtains in the front 

© © 

windows ; with a system of economics learned in the Union meetings, and 
an untrained mind unable to grasp all sides of a question. After all, who of 
us could be philosophical and talk of " changed economic conditions" when 
we saw the loss of our little comforts, or even actual suffering, staring us in 
the face? 


The present situation of the cotton industry in New England first be- 
came conspicuous on the publication of a report made by a committee of the 
Arkwright Club, an association of cotton-mill owners. Two members of 
this committee, who had investigated the conditions of production in Southern 
cotton mills, based the following statements upon their investigation : the 
cotton mills of Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas have abundant water 
power, cheap fuel and building materials, and labor forty per cent lower than 
in the North. This advantage in the cost of labor, the committee stated, was 
due both to natural economic conditions in the South, and to freedom from 
the restrictive labor legislation of New England, more especially from the 
Massachusetts law limiting the number of working hours in the week to 
fifty-eight. The committee also emphasized the absence of labor organiza- 
tions in the South, and the exemption of manufacturing interests from taxa- 
tion by the State. It is a significant fact that this report does not touch 
upon the conditions of consumption. It also fails to explain the present de- 
pression in the English cotton market. It merely attempts to show the 
advantages of the South over the North in the manufacture of cotton goods, 
and states that the only way to save this very important industry in New 
England is to remove all legal restrictions on the length of the working day, 
and to reduce the wages of the mill operatives. 

This report, published the last of December, paved the way for a gen- 
eral announcement of a reduction in wages throughout the New England 

© © © 

mills. This reduction, running from five per cent to fifteen per cent of the 
previous wages in different localities, was one tenth of the former wages of 
the New Bedford operatives. Such a reduction, affecting thousands of 
workingmen and women, could not be effected without resistance. It was 
necessary, however, that this strike should center in some one district, while 
the workers in the other milling towns must accept the reduction and support 
the strikers. New Bedford was agreed upon as the best place to begin the 
strike. If it should be successful there the labor leaders promised to author- 
ize a strike in some other center, and so on until the former wages should be 
generally conceded by the manufacturers. Strikes have been declared in 
other mills than those of New Bedford, it is true ; but this city, the center 
of the struggle, must claim our exclusive attention. 

On January 6th the spinners of New Bedford voted to resist the reduc- 


tion of wages by striking. The weavers prepared to follow their example. 
If these two unions should go out, they were sure to take every operative in 
New Bedford with them. Such a strike, affecting nine thousand men, cut- 
ting off a weekly pay roll of $75,000, would be a terrible blow to the busi- 
ness interests of the city, not yet recovered from the " hard times " of 1893 
The Board of Trade, therefore, asked the help of the State Board of Ai'bitra- 
tion in settling the difficulty without a strike. The members of the Board 
came, but to no avail. Through someone's blunder, only the spinners were 
represented at the meeting with the mill owners and the Board. The weavers 
resented the slight, and bitter feeling resulted. Both sides, employers and 
employees, insisted that there was nothing to arbitrate. The mills could 
not be run without a reduction ; the men could not accept the reduction 
without starving. To make the situation worse, neither side seemed to trust 
the other. The employers saw no reason for the cry of " starvation wages," 
and even then, such wages were better than the utter loss of work inevitable 
if the mills should attempt to run at a cost of production higher than the 
selling price of the goods. The operatives, on the other hand, supported by 
the New Bedford papers, believed the reduction unnecessary ; the plea of 
Southern competition to be ill-founded, or the mask of a scheme to reduce 
wages and increase profits. 

The situation was further complicated by the introduction of the " fines" 
question. A weaver in the New Bedford mills is given only half pay for an 
imperfectly woven " cut," or piece of cloth. The weavers had long resented 
this fine, declaring the manner of imposing it to be contrary to Massachusetts 
legislation. At a meeting of the Weavers' Union, at which many outsiders 
were present, the excitement of the discussion carried the meeting beyond 
the control of the leaders. The honor of bringing up the fines question as a 
factor in the strike belongs to two women ; " one, a Lancashire lass with a 
slow, earnest way of speaking, with a knowledge of what she wanted to say ; 
the other, nervous, hysterical, excited, and keyed up to the highest pitch 
against the manufacturers and their methods." A vote was taken to include 
the fines grievance among the points in debate. Thus the question was 
complicated, and more bitter feeling brought to light. 

Nothing could be done to avert the strike. It began on January 17, 
closing every cloth mill running at the time in New Bedford, and throwing 


nine thousand workers out of employment. The strikers expected to be 
supported during their period of idleness by the unions of Fall River, Lowell, 
and other places, and by regular assessments on the members of the National 
Textile Workers' Union. The employers on their part could not have re- 
gretted overmuch a shut down in the present glutted condition of the cotton 
market. It looked like a contest between two fairly equal forces. But 
when we remember that some of the employers had considered a shut down 
advisable even before the strike began ; when we remember that the opera- 
tives were living on their little savings and the contributions of other workers, 
themselves suffering from a reduction of wages, it seems as if the outcome 
were a foregone conclusion. 

The business and religious organizations of New Bedford handled the 
situation as well as they could. Relief supplies of bread, fish, and soup were 
given out, and no one was allowed to starve or freeze. "Idle Hour" halls 
were opened, where the men could read, play games smoke, do anything 
but talk " strike." A tender-hearted pugilist offered his services for a bene- 
fit sparring match. But all such efforts could only relieve for a short time. 
They could have no effect in the long run, except to give the strike a few T 
days more of life. 

The strike organization has been weakening from without and within. 
A rumor of a general strike decreased severely the contributions from other 
unions, anxious to provide for their own future in case of idleness. Public 
sympathy can rarely stand such a long strain, especially w r hen the general 
public itself suffers. A growing feeling of distrust between the weavers and 
spinners has weakened the force of their united efforts ; the Socialist element 
has alienated the other factions. The gates of the mills may open any morn- 
ing, and when they do the strike organization may not be able to stand the 
strain. Half a loaf is better than no bread. 

Just what is the cause of the present condition of this industry it is 
impossible to say. It is safe to decide, however, that neither the employers 
nor the employees can be held responsible for the strike. They are both 
suffering from industrial forces beyond their control, changed conditions not 
yet' understood. The cotton market has been depressed, sales and prices 
have been falling steadily for a number of years. While the Northern mills 
have stopped paying dividends, or have been paying them out of the earn- 


ings of past years, mills have been running profitably in the South, and in 
increased numbers. This competition must eventually affect the North ; but 
whether it has yet done so sufficiently to account for the necessity of reduc- 
ing the New England operatives' wages from ten per cent to fifteen per cent 
is an open question. Other causes are assigned: the Wilson tariff or the 
Dingley tariff, according to the political complexion of the writer ; the con- 
dition of the currency ; the competition of English and German mills, the 
falling off of our shipping, the careless management of the mills, the anti- 
quated character of some of the machinery. 

What is to be done? Many men have many answers. The Northern 
mill owner says he must cut wages and have a longer working day; a bill 
must be put through the legislature repealing the fifty-eight-hour law. 
Congressman Lovering of Massachusetts, on the other hand, holds that a 
uniform labor law is necessary, and has therefore submitted a bill to the 
National House of Representatives providing for an amendment of the Con- 
stitution to give Congress power to regulate hours of labor. But the only 
safe policy is to make a diagnosis of the case before administering medicine. 
The work of investigation, now being carried on by the legislative com- 
mittee, appointed for the purpose, the comparison of economic conditions, 
North and South, by news and commercial papers, the careful study of our 
home and foreign markets by authorities on these subjects, are the only 
means of solution. 

Clara W. Brown. 


The recurring interest in birds and bird' talks calls to mind the experi- 
ence of a Wellesley girl who last year fell a happy victim to the mania for 
birds and bird hunting. A harmless chase it was — for the birds — but 
attended by much tearing of skirts as the wily hunter tiptoed through the 
rustling underbrush, or crouched on a mouldering log that fell away at a 
touch, or stood ankle-deep in an oozy marsh where brambles scratched her 

The girl was only tolerably successful, perhaps because her enthusiasm 
proved to be, after all, less fervent than that of certain of her friends, who 


courageously sallied forth before sunrise to drench themselves with dew in 
West Woods, and once in a while hear and see a bird whose color, and size, 
and song did all come under one heading in the little red handbook. But while 
she scorned these early morning expeditions, she did venture out before sun- 
set to follow the birds to their favorite haunts, where the ovenbird persist- 
ently sang the vireo's song, and the bird who said " whip-poor-will " had 
always the size and form and distinct markings of a pee-wee. But these 
trifling difficulties brought no dismay. As the shadows grew denser, and 
the days longer, and the birds merrier, the girl, too, yielded to the bewil- 
dering enchantment of the happy world, and spent long hours watching, 
silent and still as the stump she leaned against, the flashing, darting, elusive 
creatures that twittered, and scolded, and rapturously sang above and around 
her. She found the real ovenbird at last, and a redstart on the nest. As 
spring grew into summer, the warblers were more and more a source of 
confusion and fascination. When she left college her enthusiasm and her 
handbook went quietly along, to remain with her until the birds stopped 
singing, and her open country gave place to town. 

The girl thought little more of birds until early September, when she 
found herself on a strange shore where were broad beaches, wet and 
shining at low tide. Here along the edge of the water ran unknown birds 
of various sizes and habits ; and here, too, crouching in the marsh grass, 
were men with guns. She looked with interest upon these sportsmen when 
she overtook them in her walks, and always tried not to spoil a good shot 
by frightening the birds. The birds, she observed, were generally un- 

But her familiarity with sea-birds was destined to become more inti- 
mate. One night at supper the man next her offered her a ringneck he had 
shot the day before. It was very good. The next day the same thoughtful 
gentleman asked her suddenly if she would not take a half hour's sail in the 
ridiculous little boat slapping the water at the end of the pier. She liked 
the look of the wind, and said she would. Did she object to his gun ? and 
— and to his pipe ? No ; she hoped he would do his own things in his own 
way. They set out across the purple inlet that heaved gently over the long 
eel grass now pointing out to sea. The water was running low, and they 
made for the shoals, where moving white specks could be seen now and then 


— were they birds, or low Hying foam? Both, — and bull peep, too, the 
man said. The little boat grated on the bottom, the sail swung free ; the 
peep rose with sharp cries; the man fired; two birds fell, one dead where 
the spray flashed, the other fluttering feebly with broken wing. The man 
waded ashore, and the next moment dropped two dead birds over the edge 
of the boat. 

" You must fire the next shot," he said, as he reloaded. The girl was 
eager to try. When they had tacked across to another curving beach, with 
moving specks at the edge, the girl raised the heavy shotgun to her shoulder. 
With infinite pains she followed the directions given. When the boat came 
within forty yards of the beach, the birds again rose. After deliberate aim, 
she pulled the trigger. When she righted herself after the unaccountable 
lurch of the boat, not a bird was in sight. She was distinctly disappointed, 
and marveled at her own chagrin. She had wanted to bring down a bird. 
The man puffed calmly at his pipe. 

" I suppose you sighted them exactly, didn't you?" 


" So do I, always, when I miss them. I hope the gun didn't 
hurt you." • 

" No," said the girl, rubbing her shoulder ruefully, " but I'm sorry I 
deprived you of that shot. You would have brought down one of those 

" Pshaw ! We will take turns, if you like. There are some peep now — 
flying this way — and larger birds with them." 

" Ah, here is your chance. Bring down three, at least, to make up for 
my stupidity. There — noAV ! " 

And three fell, one of them into the boat. 

" A gull, a small sea-gull !" cried the girl, as she picked up the slender 
body. " What a beauty ! What a little body — feel how small ! And see 
how large and strong the wings are — for splendid poise and flight. This is 

" Worse luck for me," commented her companion, as he clambered into 
the boat with the other birds. " Twenty dollars fine, if it's discovered. I 
didn't see that gull in range. We will pitch him overboard. They are not 
ffood to eat." 


"Throw him away? 0, don't. Let me have him — at least — let me 
have the wings. Will you? I'll take the responsibility of the shooting," 
she ended, merrily. 

"Very well. Will you take the helm while I get my knife? I am 
glad enough to give you the wings, but what will you do with them?" 

As he spoke, he deftly cut the wings at the joint, and put them, one at 
a time, in the girl's lap. What was left of the bird disappeared under the 
dark eel grass. 

" I shall wear them in my hat as a token of my skill in gunning," she 
laughed. And then they commenced beating up to the pier. 

The next week the girl came back to college. The next month two 
gray wings appeared in her winter hat. She liked the hat because it 
brought so vividly to her mind the racy salt air, and the green and purple 
water, and the shining beaches, and the tossing spray, and the strong flight 
of gulls. She likes it so well that she wears it on into the spring season, 
which always brings the bird frenzy along with it. The girl's interest is still 
alert ; already she has begun to freshen her memory by dips into the little 
red book. She hopes to distinguish the warblers more satisfactorily this 
year, and she is planning another trip to the coast at the end of the summer. 

G. L. C. 



"Classes come and go, but the Magazine, like the student hody, re- 
mains. The pen laid down by one editor is audaciously grasped by another, 
who, after a fluctuating success with nine numbers must, in her turn, give 
over the official weapon. 

The new '99 Board confesses to a sense of uneasiness in thus assuming 
privileges belonging so properly to the senior class. When we throw open 
the rolling top desk, and sink with dignity into the swivel chair, we have 
a sneaking notion that we are not lawful occupants of the place. Still more 
do we feel like interlopers when, on leaving the den, we come face to face 
with the retiring chief, who escorts us cheerily downstairs. 

The gracious kindliness of the '98 editors has, indeed, done much to 
make us feel at home in our new quarters ; and their warm encouragement 
and practical assistance have given us confidence. True, if we had only 
their published words of advice (which already we have taken gratefully to 
heart), we might experience more trepidation than hope ; but their solemn 
disclosures do not affright us because we have their frank, though unwritten, 
admission that work for the Magazine has been more an inspiration than a 
burden, and that regret at leaving it outweighs the anxiety with which it 
was undertaken. 

It shall be our endeavor to bequeath a like heritage of good cheer to 
1900 when, after a few weeks and months, we regretfully find ourselves on 
the outside of the editorial den. 

The change in Editorial Boards gives us an opportunity to applaud a 
timely suggestion wisely made in the editorial pages of the March Magazine. 
Most emphatically, we do want another senior elective course in English 
composition. We want it, not for one student, nor for two, but for the 
many students who have been heard to express a wish for such a course. 
And, moreover, we want not a " Writers' Club," — a mere repository for 
energies left over from the performance of regular college duties, — but a 


two-hour, or better, a three-hour course which shall be included in the 
scheduled work of the student. Such a course might well afford study and 
practice in both short story and essay, since these two forms present diffi- 
culties which cannot be adequately met in the required work unfortunately 
limited to three one-hour courses. The two-hour elective course in daily 
themes, while unable to clear away these same difficulties, is of inestimable 
value as a preparation for further composition demanding vigor and dis- 
cretion in the handling of detail. For this reason we think juniors should 
be encouraged to attempt the work in English 6, with the hope of supple- 
menting it in the senior year by more deliberate and sustained exercise in 
composition. If the faculty are as ready to offer such a course as the 
students are to receive it, there can be little further delay in proving the 
scheme practicable. 


Several consultations held during the winter between President Irvine 
or Dean Stratton and the presidents of the various college organizations, have 
awakened spasmodic interest in the old questions of student government. 
Many have believed student conference with members of the faculty to be 
preferable to student government as it is ordinarily practiced. It is not 
generally known, however, that a form of procedure for such conferences was 
prepared with no little care a few years ago, and accepted by the Academic 
Council. By permission of the Council this form of procedure, with a brief 
statement of conferences leading to it, appears on another page of the Magazine. 

Two things are especially to be noted in this formal statement : first, the 
proposal for conference on any subject is to come from the students ; second, 
the conference has no legislative power whatever, the only vote taken being 
on the approval of the minutes of the debate. 

The first, once noted, needs little comment. Under the conditions 
imposed it is obviously necessary that, in order to have a conference, the 
students should know that there imry be a conference. The second, perhaps, 
needs closer emphasis, for herein the conference differs from the ordinary 
notion of student government. The conference, as here set forth, is a means 
of presenting both sides of a question to the two bodies who are ultimately to 
consider it. When representatives from both faculty and students have 


openly discussed the reasons for or against a certain proposal, the meeting 
adjourns without having taken any action on the question of debate. The 
conference then has settled nothing. Yet the advantages of such a discussion 
are clear. The committee for the Academic Council will doubtless receive 
some enlightenment as to the student point of view ; and it is equally certain 
that the students' committee will present to its body the explanation of many 
austere opinions often misunderstood by undergraduates. A petition sent 
to the Academic Council after such a conference would go with the assurance 
that, whatever the decision, there would be between the two bodies a mutual 
understanding of their respective attitudes. Such an understanding is in 
itself desirable, and well worth the inconvenience of committee work. But 
other good things might result from such an experiment. It is not improbable 
that the conference, without legislative power of its own, would yet have 
direct influence upon later legislation in the Council or in the student body. 
Without it many ill-considered and irretrievable steps may be taken which, 
with its observance, might be avoided. Let us see what a conference may 


Those who pretend to believe that Wellesley students have no inter- 
est in affairs which concern the nation and the world, would have been 
forced to withdraw the charge could they have seen a certain crowded 
lecture room last week, and watched the eager faces. The lecture was 
given as one of a series to a class in history, and was open on this occa- 
sion to any who cared to attend. Two minutes after the bell struck there 
was no standing room unoccupied, and no elbow room in the doorway. The 
subject of the lecture was "The Eelations between Spain and Cuba." As 
far as impassioned uttei'ance on the part of the speaker was concerned, 
the subject might as well have been " England and Australia." The college 
girls wanted facts; and they got facts. And such facts ! Never did Spain 
have a fairer showing, and never did facts appear more sinister. Most of 
the young women who listened had read their New York, Chicago, or Bos- 
ton papers, and were able to draw their own inferences as to the present 
bearing of that unhappy colonial history. After the lecture the students 
quietly dispersed for gymnasium practice, or golf, or a lecture on Arnold's 


True, we do not talk about the Maine disaster, or about armed inter- 
vention, or about the aching dread of war. We do not write themes 
about these things. What is to be said, or written? Our experience here 
in college during these weeks of suspense has not been unlike the feeling 
of the outside world — the feeling to which Life gives such genuine utter- 
ance : " We all go about our affairs, and do our stint of work, earn our 
bread, nurse our seasonable ailments, and meditate at odd moments on our 
summer plans. But every thinking person carries constantly in his mind 
the problem of our course with Spain, and our duty toward Cuba." 

It is that problem constantly in mind that makes us want to grip at 
the lump in our throats, and tighten our lips now and then while we plan 
pleasure trips for the spring holidays. And now, as the Magazine goes to 
press, and we dash away to the coast for ten days, we are grateful for the 
hope which comes with the news of Senor Sagasta's re-election, — grateful 
most of all for the confidence inspired by the statesmanlike message of 
President McKinley. 



At a recent meeting of the Chapel Fund Association, it was voted to 
renew the activities of an association, embracing all members of the College, 
but of the very existence of which comparatively few members of the col- 
lege have been aware. And since the renewing of the activities of the 
Association means simply securing student support to a " fund," it is im- 
portant that the vote should be known to all and widely approved. 

That which prompted the recent vote of the Association was a strong 
feeling that the completion of the Houghton Memorial Chapel is not a 
desirable end in itself only, but it is also the beginning of opportunities 
which cannot be improved without funds. It is therefore in the interest of 
an endowment fund, as it were, — a preaching fund, — and in the interest of 
the musical service in the new chapel, that the vote of the Association was 
taken. tJnless, however, this action meets with the enthusiastic approval 
of the College at large, it will, of course, pass for nothing, and the Associa- 
tion may again sink into oblivion. 


But the object certainly seems too much worth while not to be sup- 
ported. To the extent of our abilities, we are, I dure say, glad to aid in 
the expansion of the College life, however that may be done. And in a 
small way to " endow " the Chapel seems at present to be the most oppor- 
tune thing that can be done. 

E. V. P., '98. 

Or all the many girls whom I have heard discuss the subject, I have 
never yet found one who did not express regret that we should be so near 
Boston churches and yet be so situated that, on Sunday, we might as well 
be a thousand miles away. This feeling on the part of the girls is, in most 
instances, something more than an idle curiosity to visit Boston churches. 
The inspiration gained from hearing a great and good man, or from uplift- 
ing music, is worth the trouble of a short three quarters of an hour trip 
into Boston occasionally during one's college course. We recognize that 
we often enjoy unusual privileges here in our Sunday services, but that a 
man has blessings brought to his very door is no reason why he is not 
willing to go outside of his house for further benefit. Moreover, it is a 
disappointment to many parents that their daughters may not attend ser- 
vices in Boston now and then. As for traveling on Sunday for mere 
pleasure engagements, or for convenience, that is a different matter, to be 
discussed separately. But if we were allowed to enjoy some of the splen- 
did opportunities so near at hand, it does seem as if we, as college women, 
have sufficient honor to prevent any abuse of the privilege. 

C, '99. 

Non-credit notes are not highly prized, neither are postal cards, 
flowery advertisements, or even empty post office boxes, with the price we 
pay for them here at Wellesley in our popular post office. Nevertheless, 
there is always the dim possibility of a treasured missive patiently waiting 
to be claimed. For this sort of mail, then, we are willing to risk our 
precious lives. Seriously speaking, it is surprising that accidents & a more 
or less dangerous nature do not frequently occur. The situation must not 
only be witnessed, but lived through, in order to be appreciated. Wellesley 


decorum could certainly he improved if slight attention were paid to this 
matter. Wouldn't a low railing, running down the middle of the office and 
allowing space for single passage at either end, keep the crowd moving in 
one direction, and prevent much barbarous elbowing and ill humor? 

H. M., 1900. 


Those of our number who are of a musical or verse-making turn of 
mind may be interested in the following opportunity to exercise their 
talents. Dr. Gertrude A. Walker, of 125 South Sixteenth Street, Phila- 
delphia, plans the publication of a Quarterly Song Book for children, and 
invites members of the College to number themselves among its contributors. 
Each issue of the publication will include two devotional (non-sectarian) 
songs, three season songs, and one special song, patriotic or otherwise 
according to the time of the issue. These must contain not more than three 
or four, or at the most five, stanzas, of four lines each. They must also be 
absolutely correct as to rhythmical measure. Original music is also desired. 
In regard to the scale of prices, communication from Dr. Walker states that 
"words would probably command payment ranging between $1.50 and 
$2.50, while music would probably not exceed $3.00 a song {i. e., without 
words). Words and music would not exceed $5.00, though, of course, 
excellence and length, together with other considerations, would determine 
the amount of remuneration." Manuscript for the first volume of the Quar- 
terly is now in preparation, and contributions to this number must come in 
before May 1st. Dr. Walker adds that the music and words sent to her 
will be protected by copyright, and every courtesy will be shown to the 
authors. '99. 

In Memoriam. 

The last fleetino- weeks of our college life bear with them for the Class 
of '98 a seriousness and a sadness far deeper than the thought of separation 
from our Alma Mater, in the death of our friend and classmate, Helen 
Webster Pettee. Almost on the threshold of what we call the larger life — 
the life of the world — we pause to render tribute to that one of our number 
who has entered upon the service of the true life of the spirit. 


Helen Pettee was born on the 24th of July, 1873. Her life was spent 
at her home in Sharon, Mass. She was graduated from the High School 
there as valedictorian of her class. At Northfield Seminary she prepared 
for college, entering WelLesley with the Class of '97. Ninety-seven will re- 
member her bright and kindly wit as the Tree Day orator of their Freshman 
year. Illness kept her at home for a year, and in the fall of '95 she returned 
as a member of the Class of '98. Though loving her first class, she threw 
all her interests with '98 when she joined them, and soon became their loyal 
and active fellow-member. She served them faithfully on the " Legenda " 
Board, and was an active member of the Christian Association. 

Just a year ago she was called to bear the loss of her mother. Though 
deeply afflicted, she took up her work with her accustomed energy and faith- 
fulness. Her true bravery and sweet cheerfulness were the admiration of 
all who knew her. Besides her father, she leaves two sisters, Miss Adeline 
F. Pettee, assistant principal of Northfield Seminary, Miss Emma L. Pettee, 
at home ; and two brothers, George D., and L. Gardner Pettee, the one pro- 
fessor of Mathematics at Phillips Andover, and the other a senior at Yale 

Whether in her work, or with her friends, or in her devotion to the 
right, fidelity was the keynote of her character. Her academic work was of 
the best. In the classroom her thought was clear and quick. Her method 
of work wins our greatest respect. She was never hurried, never disturbed. 
What was to be done she did, quickly, accurately, calmly. Her smallest 
duty was performed with the greatest care, and in its proper time. Yet she 
was always ready to answer the unexpected calls which were made upon her 
with the grace of a willing and cheerful service. 

Those who knew her best have lost a friend faithful in all things. Now 
that she has gone from us we see with even clearer light how much her love, 
her thoughtfulness, her prayer, have meant to us. Not one of her friends 
could she forget; yet the circle of them was very wide. While we mourn, 
we are glad that her life touched ours for a little while, and still lives in our 
hearts in a deeper faith and a more earnest purpose. 

The loving Christ life in its wholeness was hers. The spirit of her 
Master pervaded and controlled all that she did. In no least thing could she 
waver from the path which she believed to be right. In her own home, in 


her college life at large, and in the nearer relations of her college home, her 
unfailing fun and drollery, and a happy charm of manner were the brighter 
for the purity of life which shone through them, and which spoke for her the 
word which she most wished to be able to say, "Not I, but Christ liveth in 


Whereas God, in his unerring wisdom and infinite love, has summoned 
from our midst into the eternal blessedness of his presence our dear class- 
mate and friend, Helen Pettee, we, the Class of '98, in deep sorrow at the 
loss which has come to us, would record these resolutions : — 

That we, as a class and as individuals, mourn the loss of the classmate 
and friend who, in the years she has been with us, has endeared herself to us 
all, and who, at the close of this our last college year, is the first to be taken 
from our number. 

That, while we grieve for her, we are grateful for the memory of the 
beauty and strength of the life she lived among us, — a life loyal to all that 
is noble, filled with the Christ-like spirit, wholly unselfish, and inspiring us 
with the highest ideals. 

That we find help and stimulus in remembering her quick, clear thought, 
and her earnest appreciative work in the classroom, and that we find an ex- 
ample worthy to be followed in a life so absolutely conscientious and trust- 
worthy, even in the smallest detail. 

That we would express our sympathy for her family in the loss of so 
faithful a daughter and sister. 

That copies of these resolutions be sent to her family, published in 
The Wellesley Magazine, and recorded in the minutes of the Class 



Edna V. Patterson. 
M. Edith Ames. 
Mabel M. Young. 
Caroline L. Howell. 
Anne L. Bixby. 



The first formal conference between representatives of the faculty and 
representatives of the student body was called, by initiative of the faculty, 
in the spring of 1887, to consider questions of class organization. During 
the seven years immediately following similar conferences took place at ir- 
regular intervals, as occasion arose, and often led to new legislation. The 
subjects discussed in these several conferences related to the societies, the 
Magazine, " Legenda," Athletics, conduct of the Junior Promenade, and the 
substitution of Senior Day for Junior Promenade. In the spring of 1894 
a conference, requested by the undergraduates, considered in a series of 
meetings " Matters of Interest in Student Life." In accordance with the 
desire then expressed that the conference method might be put upon a per- 
manent footing, the Academic Council framed the following : — 


1. A petition for a conference shall be sent to the Academic Council by stu- 
dent bodies desiring to confer with the Academic Council for the purpose of ar- 
riving at a clear understanding with relation to any matter or matters of importance. 

2. Upon receiving the petition for conference the Academic Council shall, 
if deemed advisable, appoint a conference committee to meet with a committee of 
students appointed by the student body or bodies desiring the conference. 

3. The chairman of the Conference Committee shall call a meeting of the en- 
tire Conference. 


1. The Conference shall elect its chairman and secretary. 

2. The chairman of the Conference shall open the meeting by calling upon 
the chairman of the Student Committee to present the case in hand. 

3. The chairman of the Conference shall then, without motion, declare the 
debate open ; the debate to be conducted as in committee of the whole. 

4. The secretary shall incorporate an abstract of the debate in the minutes of 
the meeting, and at the close of the discussion of each separate subject, the secre- 
tary shall be called upon to read this abstract of the debate, and a vote upon the 
approval of the minutes as read shall be called for. No votes regarding the sub- 
jects presented to the Conference other than those upon the approval of the minutes 
shall be called for bv this meeting. 


5. The Academic Council shall receive from the Conference Committee and 
place on file the minutes of the Conference and discharge its Committee. 

6. The Student Committee may then meet and formulate recommendations to 
the body or bodies which it represents. 

7. The chairman of the Student Committee, or if the Student Committee be 
made up of sub-committees from two or more student organizations, then the chair- 
men of these sub-committees, shall report back to the body or bodies represented 
the minutes of the Conference, and shall at the same time submit the recommenda- 
tions framed by the Student Committee. 

8. Petitions growing out of the debates of the Conference may then be pre- 
sented to the Academic Council for action, provided that such petitions have been 
agreed upon by all student organizations represented in the Conference. 

9. Such petitions shall be presented to the Council in whatever way the stu- 
dent organization shall prefer. 


There is not the March breeziness about the college periodicals this 
month which one might naturally expect to find. The fiction is especially 
disappointing. To be sure, as not one, but many of the exchange editors 
have reiterated, stories on a par with those which appear in Harpers' or The 
Century are not to be looked for in undergraduate magazines. Yet, never- 
theless, we surely do not ask too much when we request that the fiction have 
at least the merit of interest. 

Apropos to this subject, the Amherst Lit. has an article entitled, 
" Heroes and Villains" (the title, by the way, seems to be something of a 
misnomer), which claims that the author of the average college story fails, 
because he sacrifices plot to style, and too often attempts to tell of something 
which he himself has not experienced. The writer adds that the road to suc- 
cess in fiction for undergraduates lies through stories of college life. It is 
an apparent, but not necessarily a complete contradiction of his view that 
the most successful story in the magazine is "The Course of True Love," a 
tale of Mexican life. An article on the comparison of "Manfred and Faust" 
must not be passed over without a word. It is a piece of literary work far 
above the average student production. 

"Lewis Carroll" (Rev. H. C. Dodgson), is the title of an interesting 
article in the Smith College Monthly, which gives us a glimpse at the life 


and work of the late author of our beloved " Alice." Many of us will be 
interested to know that the author of " these burbling, chortling rhymes was 
a shy, dignified professor of mathematics at Oxford, and the companion 
pieces of ' Alice in Wonderland ' and ' Through the Looking Glass ' were a 
* Treatise on Determinants' and a ' Syllabus of Plane Algebraical Geom- 

The Nassau Lit. also, in a poem " To Lewis Carroll," touches lovingly 
on the memory of the children's friend. An article in the same magazine on 
an "Undergraduate's View of Tennyson and Kipling," comes with especial 
interest just now when everybody is reading the Tennyson Memoirs. The 
writer, as the title implies, looks at the work of the two poets from the stu- 
dent's standpoint, comparing the hold which Tennyson, the collegian, had 
upon his contemporaries with that which Kipling has upon the college men 
of to-day. The subject is unhackneyed, and is treated in a frank, direct way, 
which gives it peculiar interest and carries conviction to the reader in an 
unusual degree. 

The Vassar Miscellany for the month is good throughout. "Judg- 
ments " is a story which interests on account of both plot and style. It has 
an additional distinction — that of an unobtrusive moral. 

The Brown Magazine comes with a special interest this month, for it is 
edited by the "co-eds." of Pembroke Hall. An article which appeals to us 
especially is one called " College and Culture," written by a member of our 
own faculty. 

The verse for the month is unusually good. The rondeau appears to be 
the popular form. We clip : — 


At break of day the faint winds crooning sing ; 
Adown the west dim stars are lingering ; 

The dying moon, reluctant still to go, 

All tinged with golden gleams, is singing low ; 
Beyond, cold Sirius pales his glistening. 

Shy breezes, strange to mountain summits, bring 
A deep sea message ; yet there seems to cling 
Faint fragrance of the violet-hiding snow 
At break of dav. 


Songbirds, half-startled, soon are on the wing 

To hail the rising sun of early spring ; 

Across the dawn-lit waters comes the glow, 
Routing grey, shroud-like mists that flee too slow. 

So, too, night's doubts and fears aside I fling 

At break of day. 

— The Yale Courant. 


My folks have sent me here to school, and I am only ten ; 
I've got to wait for eight long weeks 'fore I go home again ; 
But I'm not homesick, — I shall be my mother's " dear, brave boy " 
(She told me when I came away I was her pride and joy). 

I'm not the least bit homesick, but some things I'd like to see — 

I'd like to see my family just settin' down to tea, 

I'd like to see my brother when he's hunting for his hat, 

I'd like to see our kitten play beside our tabby cat. 

I'd like to watch my mother makin' golden pumpkin pies, 
I'd like to see old Dinah settin' out the bread to rise, 
I'd like to see my chickens — Oh ! I do hope they've been fed, 
I'd like to see my bedroom with its nice white downy bed. 

I'm not the least bit homesick, and I never have the dumps, 
But right down in my throat there comes a frightful lot of lumps. 
My eyes feel kinder watery, still I'm bound that I won't cry ; 
But oh ! I shall be awf'ly glad when this long term's gone by. 

— Smith College Monthly. 

M. B. M. 


America and the Americans : From a French point of view. Scribner's. 

Americans certainly have the privilege of seeing themselves as others 
see them, if such a thing is possible. Foreigners of all nationalities have 
for years past settled our country and character with wonderful facility. 
And now an unknown Frenchman tells a great deal that is interestino; and 
some things that are surprising, about America and the Americans. The 
principal places described are New York, Chicago, Boston, and the American 
summer resorts — rather a limited part of our country, one would say. 


Many of the author's criticisms are hardly complimentary in character, but 
as they seem to be ottered in a frank and friendly spirit, we need not be 
offended by them. Much that he says about our society is doubtless true, 
but he falls into the error of generalizing from one special case. For 
instance, as he visited a pork packer's family in Chicago, he concludes that 
pork is the basis of society in that city — a statement with which some 
Chicagoans might disagree. His remarks about American women are par- 
ticularly amusing. He thinks they should be speedily reduced from the 
pinnacle of independence and self-assertiveness which they now occupy. 

The author shows some considerable knowledge of American politics 
and economic questions, but his French wit does not show to such advantage 
there as in his criticisms of American society life. 

Harvard Episodes, by Charles Macomb Flandrau. Copeland & Day. 

That Mr. Flandrau's book of Harvard stories has proved of so great 
interest is largely due, no doubt, to the fact that it is distinctly a new departure 
in college tales. The tone of the book is not at all immature or boyish. It 
is written from the point of view of a man who has seriously considered 
Harvard undergraduate life, and who is far enough away from it to get a just 
perspective. In the dedication Mr. Flandrau modestly says that he writes 
"about a little corner of a very large place." Nevertheless, he describes 
phases of college life which have seldom before been touched upon. He can 
tell us not only of the popular club man, with whom we have all become so 
familiar in college stories, but also of the man who goes through college with- 
out club or even friends. He knows the fascinating butterfly, but he knows 
the poor grub as well. Perhaps that is why the book seems pessimistic and 
even gloomy, although it is not without touches of very keen wit and fun. 
The character drawing is excellent, as the author has given us individual men, 
not merely college types. Probably the book gives us a fair idea of that 
strange Harvard social system which is unlike any other, and is, therefore, 
not to be appreciated by an outsider. That the stories are well told and 
exceedingly clever there can be no question. 

Master Skylark: A Story of Shakespeare's Time, by John Bennett. The 
Century Company. 

Master Skylark is a story of a little lad of Stratford-on-Avon, who for 
the sake of his wonderful voice was stolen by a member of the Lord Admiral's 


Company of Players and carried to London. There he became a choir boy 
at St. Paul's, and sang before the Queen, besides having many other adven- 
tures. The story was written for children, but it is fully as interesting to 
older people, especially to students of Shakespeare. Mr. Bennett has given 
us very pleasant pictures of the poet's home in Warwickshire, and of the 
London and theatre world of his time. The author has introduced as 
characters of his story Shakespeare himself and other historical people, but, to 
his credit be it said, he has used these great personages with much discretion. 

The three books mentioned above are in the Circulating Library. 

The Story of an Untold Love. By Paul Leicester Ford. Houghton, 
Mifflin and Company. 

In the " Story of an Untold Love" Mr. Ford has presented a marked 
contrast to his other two well-known stories, the "Honorable Peter 
Sterling," and " The Great K. and A. Train Robbery," in that his latest 
story deals neither with social problems nor with adventure. The book is 
written with a very delicate touch, and appears in diary form, is a love story 
pure and simple. It is a great compliment to Mr. Ford's story-telling 
powers that the reader's interest is held throughout, and is not wearied by 
the single theme. While one is reading it it all appears very natural, but, 
upon consideration, the heroine seems almost too angelic and the hero too 
devoted for mere mortals. Still it is very pleasant reading. Perhaps the 
weakest part is the last chapter ; the book would have been more impressive 
had the author stopped with the final reconciliation. The critics are inclined 
to quarrel with the title, inasmuch as the love is anything but "untold." 
But we prefer to take the word in its other meaning, and say that the author 
has written a good story and named it happily. 

The Story- Teller's Art: A Guide to the Elementary Study of Fiction, 
by Charity Dye, teacher of English, Indianapolis High School. Ginn and 

This little text-book is one of considerable interest to teachers of English 
in high schools and academies, and to students of English everywhere. Its 
aim is to show the value of introducing the study of fiction into our second- 
ary schools. The book is very practical in character and seems to be full of 
helpful suggestions, among which the hints for the analysis of plot are espe- 
cially to be commended. H. M. B. 



Mar. 5. — The Barn Swallows gave a very enjoyable hurdy-gurdy dance 
in the barn instead of the usual dramatic entertainment. 

Mar. 6. — Rev. George K. Morris, of Boston University, conducted the 
morning service in the chapel. 

Mar. 7. — An organ recital was given in the chapel by Mr. ¥m. 
Churchill Hammond, of Smith College. 

Mar. 12. — Rev. J. Thompson Cole, of New York City, lectured on 
" Japan," at 7.30 o'clock, in the chapel. The lecture was illustrated by 
stereopticon views. 

Mar. 13. — 11 a. m. Rev. Mr. Cole held services in the chapel. 7.30 
p. M., after a short vesper service conducted by Mr. Cole, Miss Scudder 
spoke on the ideals and theories of Settlement work. 

Mar. 14. — At 7.30, Miss Isabel Hapgood, the well-known translator of 
Russian novels, lectured in the chapel on " Russian Life." The interest of 
the lecture was heightened by the stereopticon views which illustrated it, and 
by the Russian costumes which Miss Hapgood showed. 

Mar. 17. — 4.15. A mass meeting was held in the chapel to consider 
certain questions in regard to the chapel fund. It was voted to put into the 
hands of the Alumnae Association such a part of the funds as will be needed 
for an organ to be placed in the new chapel. It was voted also to use a part 
of the funds in supporting the religious services. 7.15, Dr. Lyman Abbott 
led the usual Thursday evening prayer meeting. 

Mar. 19. — 1.30. In Lecture Room 1, Miss Coman lectured on " The 
Relations between Spain and Cuba." 3.20, Miss Lucia T. Ames spoke in 
the Chapel, on " Ruskin." 7.30, The regular fortnightly meeting of the 
Barn Swallows was held in the barn. The entertainment consisted of a pan- 
tomime, charades, and dances. The meeting was one of the most successful 
of the year. 

Mar. 20. — Rev. G. E. Merrill, of Newton, held the usual services in 
the chapel at eleven o'clock. 

Mar. 21. — In the afternoon an old-fashioned minstrel show and cake- 
walk were given in the barn, for the benefit of Mrs. Dinah Watts Pace's 
School for Colored Children in Covington, Georgia. Candy and frappe 
were sold before the performance began. The affair was very successful, 



and over a hundred dollars was cleared. 7.45, a concert was given in the 
chapel by Mr. James T. Ricketson, tenor, and Mr. Hugh Codman, violinist. 

Mar. 26. — 3.20. An interesting meeting was held in the chapel in the 
interest of the Consumers' League of Massachusetts. Miss Coman and Miss 
Calkins were the speakers. After the meeting many of the students present 
availed themselves of the opportunity which was given for joining the 
League. It is earnestly hoped that there will be a large Wellesley member- 
ship. A membership blank may be secured from Miss Calkins at any time. 

Mar. 27. — 11.00. Rev. Wm. H. Macmillan, of Allegheny, Pa., con- 
ducted the usual services in the chapel. 7.00, a choral vesper service was 
given by the College Chorus and the Glee Club. 

Mar. 28. — 3.30. The junior class entertained the freshmen with the 
annual junior play, followed by a reception and dance in the barn. The 
audiences at both the dress rehearsal given in the morning for the College at 
large, and at the afternoon performance, were very enthusiastic. The play, 
" A Thrilling Drama of the Late Rebellion," was entitled, " Enlisted for the 

Act I. Room in spacious New England farmhouse. 

Act II. Two years later. Bloody battlefield. Headquarters of Colo- 
nel Rowell in background. 

Act III. Two years later. Home of the rich heiress. 
Characters : — 

Robert Trueworth, soldier of the Union and hero . 

d and villain 

Wilder Rowell, guardian of Gaylie Giffon 

Hiram Jenks, a mere boy 

Crimp, colored .... 

General Grant .... 

Lieutenant Colonel Boxer . 

Mrs. Trueworth, Robert's mother 

Mattie Trueworth, Robert's sister 

Gaylie Gifford, heiress, ward, and sweetheart 

Infantry, Cavalry Guards, etc. 
7.30. Professor Marsh, of Harvard, lectured on " Some of the Under- 
lying Ideas in Dante's Poetry." 

Mar. 30. — 5.00 p. m. The winter term ends and vacation begins. 

M. G. G. 

Helen Cady. 

Grace Bull. 

Grace Cook. 

Katherine Jones. 

Martha Griswold. 

Jessie Nickerson. 

Edith Ramsdell. 

Elsie Stern. 

Mary Gilson. 




At the regular meeting of the Society Tau Zeta Epsilon, held Saturday 
evening, February 2G, the following programme was given : — 

Verdi, The Man, with incidents of his life . Rebecca M. White. 
Verdi, The Musician ..... Cora J. Russell. 

Verdi's Greatest Operas .... Mary G. Martin. 
Current Art Topics ..... Gertrude Underbill. 

At a meeting of the Society Tau Zeta Epsilon, held Saturday evening, 
March 19, the following programme was presented : — 
Rossini, his life and character 
Rossini, his chief compositions 
Selections from the " Stabat Mater" 
Rossini, his style 
Current Art Topics 

Edith Norcross. 

Mabel Tower. 

Mary Martin. 

Olive Rosencranz. 

Mabel Wood. 

A meeting of the Shakespeare Society was held Saturday evening, Feb- 
ruary 5, at which the following programme was presented : — 

I. Shakespeare News .... 

II. Songs from "As You Like It" 

III. Lodge's " Rosalynde " . . . . 

IV. Dramatic Representation, "As You Like 

It," Act II., Scene 4. 

Katharine Fuller. 

Margaret Merrill. 

Bessie Sullivan. 

Rosalind . 


Alice Harding. 



Grace Frazee. 


. . . . . 

Edith Lehman. 



Louise Orton. 



Maude Almy. 


Stage Rosalinds 


Flora Skinner. 


Dramatic Repi 

esentation, "As You 

Like It," Act III., Scene 2. 

Rosalind . 


Hilda Meisenbach. 



Florence Kellogg. 



Edna Patterson. 



Jacques ...... Corinne Wagner. 

Touchstone ..... Alice Knox. 

Corin ...... Rowena Weakley. 

Miss Tufts and Miss Scoville were present at the meeting. 

The Shakespeare Society met at Mrs. Rothery's, in the village, February 
The following programme was given : — 


I. Shakespeare News . . . . 

II. Dramatic Representation, "Much Ado 
about Nothing," Act II., Scene III. 
Benedict . 
Don Pedro 
Leonato . 
Beatrice . 

III. A Comedy of the Middle Period; Rela- 
tion of Plot and Characters 
IV. Dramatic Representations, "Much Ado 
about Nothing," Act II., Scene IV. 

Beatrice . 
Act III., Scene III. :— 
Borachio . 
First Watch 
Second Watch 
V. Repartee in Shakespeare 

Alice Harding. 

Edna Patterson. 

Margaret Merrill. 

Corinne Wagner. 

Mabel Young. 

Louise McDowell. 

Alice Knox. 

Helen Capron. 

Joanna Oliver. 

Alice Knox. 

Ethel Bowman. 

Mary Spink. 

Joanna Oliver. 

Katharine Fuller. 

Jessica Sherman. 

Rowena Weakley. 

Grace Frazee. 

Louise Orton. 

The Shakespeare Society met on the evening of March 26. Miss Mary 
Hunt was received into the society. The programme was as follows : — 




Shakespeare News . 

Hilda Meisenbach. 


The Pastoral in the Elizabethan Drairu 

t Grace Frazee. 


Dramatic Representation," Winter's 
Tale," Act IV., Scene III. 


Autolycus .... 

Alice Knox. 

Clown ..... 

Mary Spink. 


Dramatic Representation, "Winter's 
Tale," Act V., Scene III. 



Mabel Young. 


Alice Cromack. 


Jessica Sherman. 


Hilda Meisenbach. 


Ethel Bowman. 


Louise Orton. 


Alice Hardinsr. 

Phi Sigma meeting, March 5, 1898. Miss Dewsen and Miss von Wett- 
berg were present at the meeting. 
Subject of the meeting : Barrie. 

I. Life and Literary Career 

II. Barrie's Early Work, as seen in "The 
Little Minister" and "The Window 
in Thrums" ..... 

III. Music 

IV. Barrie's Later Work as seen in "Sen- 

timental Tommy " . 
(In place of this Geraldine Gordon con- 
sented to give a review of " Senti- 
mental Tommy.") 

V. Barrie's Later Work, as seen in " Mar- 

garet Ogilvie " Mary Finlay. 

VI. Scotch Life, as depicted by Barrie . Mary Miller. 

Cornelia Shaw. 

Bertha Wetherbee. 
Ruth Paul. 

Alma Seipp. 



We clip the following items from the '89 class letter : — 

" Susan Hawkes is teaching in Stockton, Kansas." 

' ' Leo Lebus has been obliged to postpone her work at Johns Hopkins 
for another year on account of her health. She is now at the beach near 
her home, Los Angeles, Cal." 

" Winnie Orr is teaching English in the Washington High School." 

"Frances Palen is teaching at the Girls' High School in Philadelphia, 

" Louise Pinney has been teaching and studying at her home, Los 
Angeles, Cal." 

"Katharine Mordantt Quint has returned, after her year of study at 
Dartmouth, to her position as teacher in the Tabor Academy, Marion, 

" Emilie de Rochemont is teaching for the third year in the classical 
department of the High School in Springfield, Mass." 

" Florence Soule Smith is living in Boston. Her address is 4 Yar- 
mouth Street." 

" Helen Storer is a leader in the musical circles of Akron, Ohio." 

" Essie Thayer is at home in Milford, Mass." 

Anne Bosworth, '90, Professor of Mathematics in the Rhode Island 
college at Kingston, sails for Germany in April, to spend a sixteen months 
leave of absence in study and travel. 

The engagement is announced of Marian W. Perrin, '91, to Professor 
Henry Burton, of Rochester, N. Y. 

The engagement of Maiy Millard, '94, to Mr. George F. Hatch, of 
Dedham, Mass., is announced. 

Florence T. Forbes, '95, is at home, 3027 Morgan Street, St. Louis. 

Grace Godfrey, '96, is studying Domestic Science in the Pratt Insti- 
tute, Brooklyn. 

Louise McNair, '96, is teaching Mathematics and English in Hosmer 
Hall, St. Louis. 


Elizabeth R. Snyder, '96, is studying in the St. Louis Art School. 

Geneva Crumb, '97, is at home, 5463 Maple Avenue, St. Louis. 

Annette Gates, '97, is studying art in Boston. 

Bessie Gates, formerly '97, is taking work in Kindergarten in Brook- 

A meeting of the Northfield Wellesley Club was held at The Revell, 
East Northfield, Monday, February 21st. Miss Amelia Hall, '84, of 
Natick, was the guest of the afternoon. Owing to her knowledge of the 
present life at the college she was able to bring the members of the club 
into closer touch with the Wellesley of to-day. The last President's report 
was a subject of conversation. 

The February meeting of the Chicago Wellesley Club was held Satur- 
day, February 26th, at 2.30 p. m., in the Le Moyne Building. Dr. Wil- 
liam Belfield read a paper on the "Effect of Mind on Disease," and Mrs. 
Hill (formerly Miss Miles, instructor at Wellesley) spoke of vacation 

Professor and Mrs. Hill are living this winter at Hull House. 

Miss May Pitkin, '95, is living at Hull House. 

Miss Emogene Hazeltine, '91, of Jamestown, New York, came west to 
attend a meeting of librarians at Evanston, Tuesday, February 22d, and 
spent the day following with Miss Grace Jackson, '91, at the University of 
Chicago. A little company of Wellesley people gathered at Miss Jackson's 
invitation to greet her and to talk over old times. Among those present 
were Miss Chase, formerly instructor at Wellesley, Miss Carey, Miss S. P. 
Breckinridge, '88, Miss S. W. Peabody, '86, Miss C. B. Perrine, '91, and 
Miss J. C. Robertson, '91. The two last are in the University library, the 
others are studying at the University. 

The Eastern New York Wellesley Club held its annual business meeting 
on Saturday afternoon, March 5, in the parlors of the Albany Art Union, 55 
North Pearl Street. The election of officers for the coming year resulted as 
follows : president, Miss Sara Elizabeth Stewart, '91 ; secretary, Miss Grace 
L. Betteridge, '91 ; treasurer, Miss Linda D. Puffer, '91. 


The March meeting of the New York Wellesley Club was held on 
Saturday, March 19. Kipling was the subject for the afternoon. Mr. Wilber 
Larremore read a paper on Kipling's recent books, and a general discussion 
of his work followed. 

The St. Louis Wellesley Club was reorganized in October, with the 
following officers : president, Mrs. Gertrude Spaulding Henderson, '92 ; vice 
president, Marion Day, Sp. ; secretary, Edith Stix, formerly '97 ; treasurer, 
Eline Vieths, Sp. The club this year has devoted itself chiefly to raising 
money for a Wellesley scholarship fund. This scholarship, which is open to 
students in any school of academic grade in St. Louis, will be awarded next 
June to the candidate presenting the best set of entrance examinations. On 
February 21 an entertainment for the benefit of the fund was given in the 
ballroom of Mrs. J. C. Van Blarcom's home in Westmoreland Place. The 
programme included several short dramatic scenes, "The Love Story of an 
Englishman," and two of the "Dolly Dialogues." Other numbers were a 
pantomime of "Young Lochinvar," an impersonation of Topsy, and an 
eighteenth century pantomime, " Vilkins and his Dinah." The feature of the 
evening was a "cake-walk," managed by Mrs. Hannah Case Jarvis, Sp. 
Eight couples of Wellesley girls and their friends, resplendent in burnt cork 
and highly colored costumes, went through various intricate evolutions with 
true African abandon. The sale of refreshments, an auction table, and an 
auction of posters augmented the receipts, which amounted to $212 above 
expenses. Mrs. Kate Fisher Brown, Sp., was chairman of the entertainment 


Mr. Johnson, superintendent of the Andover public schools, gave the 
third lecture of the course for club leaders on March 1st. His subject, 
" Games," is an important one for careful consideration, and was handled in 
a most helpful and suggestive manner. The next lecture in this course was 
given by Mrs. Fisk, of the North Bennett Street Industrial School, on the 
"Moral Significance of Sloyd." Denison House is fortunate in having as a 
resident and club worker this year Miss Chase, of the Bennett Street School, 
who has conducted a class in clay-modelling, and demonstrated the truths in 
regard to the moral worth of sloyd, upon which Mrs. Fisk so ably dis- 


coursed. Mrs. Wm. Rutan gave the final and perhaps most delightful of the 
talks of this series, on March 15th, on the " Art of Story-telling." On the 
whole, we believe that this course for the benefit of club leaders has been 
worth while, and will serve as an introduction to more detailed instruction 
another year. 

Mr. Harry Lloyd spoke to the boys of Miss Wall's club on "Trade 
Unions " at their meeting March 2d. 

During the month the residents have attended frequent hearings at the 
State House before the Labor Committee on the bill " to reduce the hours 
of labor for women and minors in manufacturing and mercantile establish- 
ments from fifty-eight to fifty-four hours per week." 

An afternoon tea for the mothers of the Kitchen Garden children, on 
March 9th, in the Green Room, was well attended. Mrs. Tobey, who has 
studied with Miss Huntington i n New York, gave a short talk on the 
methods used in the Kitchen Garden. The children demonstrated several 
lessons and sang some of the club songs. Music and refreshments were 
provided by the various teachers of the Kitchen Garden. 

The Wellesley Mandolin and Glee Clubs entertained the neighborhood 
guests Thursday evening, March 10th. 

Miss Scripture gave a tea to the members of her classes on March 13th. 
Some beautiful Japanese and' Indian photographs were enjoyed and vocal 
music furnished by Miss Baum. 

Bishop Lawrence was the guest of honor at the Teachers' Club on 
March 14th. 

Mrs. Updike's lecture at the Social Science Conference, March 15th, 
was an interesting account of the effort of the Associated Charities of Plain- 
field, N. J., for supplying work to the unemployed. Miss Dudley and Mr. 
Paine took part in a discussion which followed. 

Misses Maud Keller and Edna Johnson spent Sunday, the twenty- 
seventh, at Denison House. 

At the union meeting of the boys' clubs, March 26th, an Anti-tobacco 
League was formed. Mr. Parker, of the Newton Y. M. C. A., gave a chalk 
talk on the cigarette evil, after which a business meeting was conducted 
under the directions of Mr. Tucker and officers elected. 


The Teachers' Club met on Monday, the twenty-eighth, and entertained 
as guest of honor Miss Irwin, Dean of Eadclifle College. Over one hundred 
teachers and their friends were present. 


Smith-Soule. — In Taunton, Mass., June 30, 1897, Florence Evelyn 
Soule, '89, to Mr. Henry Porter Smith, of Boston. 

Heller-Sturgis. — In Oak Park, 111., August 30, 1897, Edith Sturgis, 
'89, to Mr. Eussell M. Heller. 

Dresser-Eeed. — In Boston, Mass., March 17, 1898, Alice Mae Eeed, 
'87, to Mr. Horatio Willis Dresser. 

Friedman-Stix. — March 9, 1898, Cora E. Stix, formerly '95, to Mr. 
Abraham Friedman, of St. Louis, Mo. 


January 2, 1898, in Auburndale, Mass., a son, Edward Parker, to Mrs. 
Laura Parker Furber, '87. 


In Taunton, Mass., Sept. 13, 1897, Mrs. Caroline L. Soule, mother of 
Florence E. Soule-Smith, '89. 

In Chicago, 111., Sept. 9, 1897, Margaret Clark Fiske, daughter of 
Mary Zimmerman Fiske, formerly '89. 

In St. Johnsbury, Vt., Adelaide M. Ide, formerly '94. 




323 and 325 Washington Street. 

(Fisk, Clark & Flagg, Makers.) 

New Shape. 

One Hundred Styles in Wash Effects. 
Choice line in Silk and Flannel. 

454 Boylston Street, corner Berkeley Street. 


Ascot Scarfs and Ties, Collars 


and Cuffs. 




PUotoppnic Supplies, Cameras, 

RAY, Outfitter, 

Etc., of Every Description. 

509 Washington Street, cor. West 

i2S-page Catalogue on application. 

Our Stock 

Intercollegiate Bureau and Registry. 

Is constantly in touch with 

Progress, Reliability, 

Cotrell & Leonard, 

Fashion, Economy... 

472 to 478 Broad-way, 

Complimentary Gifts, all prices. 

Engagement Presents, $1 to $10. 
Wedding Gifts, $2 to $100. 

Albany, N. Y. 


Card Prizes, 50 cents to $3. 

Caps and Gowns 

If it's new we have it ! 



A. Stowell & Co., 

American Colleges. 

24 Winter Street - Boston, Mass. 

Illustrated Catalogue and Particulars on Application. 


Every Requisite 
Dainty Lunch 




Fancy Biscuits. 



Pickles, etc. 

for a 


Cobb, Bates & Yerxa Co's, 

680 Washington Street, 

Miss M. F. Fisk, 

No. 44 Temple Place, Boston. 

Wishes to announce to the Young Ladies that she has received 
her Fall and Winter Stock of 

Velveteen and 

French Flannel Waists. 

They are in Plain, Striped, and Plaid Effects, and are in beautiful shades of Red, Green, 
Purple, Brown, and Black. The style is very attractive, and the fit perfect, as they have 
been made on Miss Fisk's special chart. Miss Fisk would be greatly pleased to have you 
examine them, sending you all a cordial invitation to do so. 

Something NeW in Stationery, Prescriptions Accur ately Compounded. 

WELLESLEY FLAG. Call and see it. 

A1S Confe e ct;on B s! ke, " S "* HujrIert StORY & CuTTER, Shattuck Building, Wellesley. 





Ut>* V«riei r of FANCY BOXES ki BASKETS. 

su.ul.1.- for r'HI.SIM.i. 




••The Newest •• 

fasins in Sloes torYonng Lames 

are to be found at 

Thayer's New Store, 

144 Tremont Street, between Temple 
Place and West Street. 


Wellesley Preparatory, 


A Discount of 10 per cent to Pupils and Teachers. 


Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.A. 

Manufacturers of the celebrated 

. . riercury Sole . . 



BOSTON, 161 = 163 Summer Street. 

NEW YORK, 37 Spruce Street. 


B. KAHN, London, England. 

W. C. HENDERSON & CO., Northampton, England. 

C. F. AUTENRIETH & CO., Frankfort a. M. Germany. 
POZZI, MENEGHINI & CO., Milan, Italy. 

SOPHTJS M. JENSEN & CO., Copenhagen, Denmark. 
THEODORE ED LING, Stockholm, Sweden. 
S. ILLNER, Vienna, Austria. 

For circular address the Principals, 



To cut down your school expenses. I.ook ! ! ! 

Students' Paper, 25 cts. per lb. 
Students' Covers, 20 and 25 cts. each. 
Students' ("T.&M.Co.") Pencils, 35 cts. doz. 
Students' "Sterling" Steel Pens, 60 cts. gross. 
Engraved Plate and 100 Calling Cards, $1.50. 

Engraved Die, 100 Sheets Paper and ) dj-A a *r 
100 Envelopes, Finest Quality j #>"T. 1 /• 

All Students' Supplies equally low. Always use our A-A 
Waterman's " Standard " Fountain Pen. 


Stationers Engravers Printers, 

12 Milk Street, Boston. 

Wright & Ditson, 

The Leading Athletic Outfitters of New England. 

Spring and Summer Athletic Supplies. 


Base Ball, Golf, Tennis, Cricket, Track and Field. 

Catalogue of Athletic Sports Free. 
New England Agents for 


'98 Models, Chainless and Chain. 

Wright & Ditson, 

344 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 
"WE make a specialty of 

Winter Weight 

Walking Boots. .. 

Box Calf, Willow Calf. 

Rubber-sole Gymnasium Shoes 

A Full Line of Rubbers. 


No. 3 Clark's Block, 

Xatlck, Mass. 


The Dana Hall School, 


Pupils are prepared for regular or for special 
courses at Wellesley College. 

Price for Board and Tuition, $500 for the 
school year; Tuition for day pupils, $125. 

For further information address the Principals : 

Julia A. Eastman. 

Sarah P. Eastman. 



Through Car Route between 






And principal cities of the 

West and Northwest. 

For tickets and sleeping car accommodations call 
or write 

J. E. BRITTAIN, N. E. Pass. Ag't, 

368 Washington St., Boston. 

The Paris Exposition 

CTUDENTS who can organize a party of eighteen 
among their fellow-students, friends and ac- 
quaintances to make a 38-day trip to Europe, in- 
cluding seven days in London and fourteen days 
at the Paris Exposition, upon the most popular 
plan of periodical advance payments which has 
ever been presented by an incorporated company 
with $100,000 capital, and backed by substantial 
business men, will learn of something to their 
advantage by addressing 


278 Boylston St., Boston. 

Kent Place School 
for Girls, 

Summit, New Jersey. 

Hamilton W. Mabie, 

Application may be made to the 

Mrs. Sarah Woodman Paul. 

Junius W. Hill, 

(Leipsic, 1S60-1S63.) 

For the past thirteen years Professor of 
Music in Wellesley College, and Director 
of the Wellesley College School of Music, 



At his Studio in Boston, 

154 Tremont Street. 

Specialties. — The Art of Piano-playing, Organ, 
Harmony, and Voice Culture. Correspondence so- 
licited. Circulars sent on application to any address. 




ion Teacners' Agencies of America. 

Rev. L. D. BASS, D.D., Manager. 

Pittsburg, Pa.; Toronto, Can. ; New Orleans, La. ; New York, 

N. Y. ; Washington, D. C. ; San Francisco, Cal. ; Chicago, 

111.; St. Louis, Mo., and Denver, 'Colorado. 

There are thousands of positions to be rilled. We had over 
8,000 vacancies during the past season. Unqualified facilities 
for placing teachers in every part of the United States and 
Canada, as over 95 per cent of those who registered before Au 
gust secured positions. One fee registers in nine offices. Ad 
dress all applications to SALTSBURY, PA. 

Insignia, Badges, Society Stationery. 

The Bailey, Banks & Biddle Company has as- 
sembled exceptional facilities for the prompt 
execution of orders for Insignia, Badges, and 
Society Stationery. This company owns proba- 
bly the most complete library in the United 
States on the subject of Heraldry. With such 
wealth of authority constantly at hand, accuracy 
is absolutely insured. 

Patrons may feel equal confidence in the cor- 
rectness and taste of Society Stationery pre- 
pared by this house. 

Best Work. Lowest Prices. 

Frank Wood, 

352 Washington Street, Boston. 

Telephone, Boston 273. 


Full Count. Prompt Delivery. 

Trie Bailey, Banks £ Biiie company, 

Jewelers, Silversmiths, Stationers, 




Via Fall River and Newport. 

The Famous Steamboats of this Line, the 


are substantially alike in design, appliances, finish, and fur- 
nishings, and the perfection of their service in every depart- 
ment has no superior in transportation construction. 

Tbe Route traversed by the Fall River Line is unsur- 
passed in attractive marine features and surroundings. 

Special Vestibuled Express Train leaves Boston 
from Park Square Station. 


G. P. A., N. Y., N. H.,& H. R. R. (0. C. System) , G. P. A., Fall River Line, 
Boston. New York. 

L. H. PALMER, Boston Pass'r Agt., 

No. 3 Old State House, Boston. 


F. DIEBL, JR., & CO., . 

Livery and Boarding 


Baggage Transferred to and from Station. 

Orders Promptly Attended to. 

Telephone No. 16-2. 


Troy, New York. 

preparatory, /leademie arpd Qraduate 


Departments of Music and Art. 

Certificate admits to Wellesley, Smith, and Vassar Colleges 
85th year opens September 21, 189S. 





Bicycle Repairing and Sundries on Sale. 



Costume Parlors, 


(Near Old Public Library.) 
Telephone, Tremont 1314. BOSTON, MASS. 


For Masquerades, Old Folks' Concerts, 
Private Theatricals, Tableaux, etc. 

Ladies' Shirt Waists 

To Measure. 

For variety and attractiveness of pattern, for style 
and fit, we have no peers. 

Imported Madras, $3.50 each, 

Our Specialty. 

The L. E. Fletcher Company, 

No. 158 Boylston Street, 

Telephone, Tremont 589-3. BoStOll, MaSS. 


Quinine and Glycerine 


A preparation especially prepared to promote growth of the 
hair. Eradicates dandruff, imparts vitality to the roots, stops 
the falling out of the hair. 



L. W. RANDOLPH, Prescription Druggist, 
143 West Front Street, PLA1NF1ELD, N. J. 

Ask your druggist for Randolph's. 



Designer and Maker of 

Riding Habits, Cloth Gowns, 


Golf-Cycle Costumes. 

NfiW C^lOtllS • • • A nearly endless variety of beautiful fabrics, 
among which are Venetians, Coverts, Whipcords, Cheviots, Serges, 
Hand-made and Homespuns. 

Vienna and London Models, and those of Our Own Design. 

Prices for Tailor Gowns, from $60 to $80. 
For Golf-Cycle Costumes, $40 to $60, 


Spectacles and Eyeglasses 

are not only the BEST, but our 
prices are reasonable. 

Kodaks and Photographic .Supplies for 

Developing and Printing. 




Eastern leaders' ffgency, 

Miss E. F. Foster, Manager, 

50 Bromfield Street, 


Has frequent demands for college-educated women. 

Send for circulars. 

Telephone, Boston 775-2. 




Jacob Doll 


For Sale and to Rent, at prices never be- 
fore heard of in the history of piano 

A. A. TARBEAUX, Manager. 

<?arl J. Jlorper, 

11 Winter Street, Boston, Mass. 

Elevator to Studio. 

<?lass ptyotcx^raptyer 

Jo U/ellesley <?ollec}e, '98. 

Special Rates to Friends of the College. 
Mention this Advertisement. 



ft ft ft 

Central St., Wellesley, opp. Tea Room. 


Established April, 1875. 
Wellesley College opened September, 1S75. 


The Wellesley Grocer. 

In our stock may be found 





Crockery, Glassware, Lamps, 

Vases, Jardinieres. 

Toilet Soaps, Ladies' Boot Dressing, etc. 

Thanking the public for their large exhibition of 
trust in my method of doing business, I solicit your 
continued patronage. 

Goods delivered free at any of the College 


Picture Framing 


188 Lincoln Street, = Boston. 


Succeeded by 


11 Doors from Boston & Albany Station. 

Discount to Faculty and Students of Wellesley 


Art Peedkioork Store. 

All the latest Novelties 
in Fancy Work - 
Special Designs for COLLEGE PILLOWS and BANNERS. 


(Near Tremont Theatre.) 





194 Fifth Avenue, under Fifth Ave. Hotel, New York. 

Agents in all the principal cities. 

Six Highest Awards at the Columbian Exposition. 

All mail orders receive prompt and careful attention. 


Headquarters for 



Ladies' Handkerchiefs. 


2^ Temple Place, Boston. 

Roses p fi 

All the best varieties constantly 
on hand. Other flowers in their 

.... Telephone or mail orders 
promptly attended to. 

Mention this paper and ask for 
the University Discount. 

JULIUS A. ZINN, 2 Beacon St. 

tub Senior Glass PHolograpfiei 

for Wellesley '94 and '95 

Chas. W. Hearn, 

392 Boylston Street, 

Mr. Hearn thanks Wellesley students for 
their past valued patronage, and would be 
pleased to submit prices and samples, with a 
view to his possible selection as Class Pho- 
tographer for Wellesley '98. 


Charles W. Hearx. 


Pictures and 


All the popular subjects in Photographs, 
Prints, Fac-Similes, etc. 

12 Bromfield St., Boston. 

Perfect Comfort 

For women and positive style. That's what we studied 
for. Nothing to pinch or hurt. 

The H. H, "TuttleShoe" 

is made on men's lasts. Has that graceful outside 
swing that gives the little toe breathing room. Double- 
soled calf for those who want heavy shoes. Lighter 
grades for others. $4 to $8 is the price. Discount to 
Students and Faculty. 

H. H. TUTTLE & CO., 

Washington St., cor. Winter Street. 



New York Infirmary for Women and Children. 

■"THE Thirty-second Annual Session opens October 
1,1897. Four years, Graded Course. Instruc- 
tion by Lectures, Clinics, Recitations and practical 
work, under supervision in Laboratories, and Dis- 
pensary of College, and in New York Infirmary. 
Clinics and operations in most of the City Hospitals 
and Dispensaries open to Women Students. For 
Catalogues, etc., address 

321 East 15TH St., New York. 

H. H. CARTER & CO., 

Stationers ^ Engravers 


20 per cent Discount 


Made by Wellesley College Students. 

5 Somerset St. (near Beacon), 


19 Bromfield Street - Boston, Mass. 

Artists' Materials. 



Christmas, Easter, Valentine 
and Birthday Gifts, etc 

Usual Discount to Students. 

Joel Goldthwait & Company, 

Have just opened and are now ready to show 
a large and very fine line of 

Scotch • Axminsters, • English • Wiltons • and • Brussels, 

With a full stock of 

Domestic Wiltons, Brussels, Axminsters, 
Velvets, Tapestries and Ingrains. 

The Styles and Colorings adapted to the present styles of Furnishings. 

Near Corzahin. 

263 to 169 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Women's and Misses' 

Blanket Wraps 

For the Nursery. 
For the Sick Room. 
For the Bath. 

For Steamer Traveling. 
For the Railway Carriage. 
For Yachting. 

For Men, Women, Children, and the 
Baby, $2.75 to $35, with Hood and 
Girdle complete. 

Blanket Wraps 

. . $5.00 to 


Satin or Silk Stocks 


h lanncl Wraps 

. . 10.00 " 

24 00 

Hunting Stocks . 


Cheviot Wraps 

. . 6.50 " 


Hiding Cravats . 


Hath Wraps . 

. . 8.50 " 



Hath Slippers 

. . 1. 00 " 
. . s-oo " 


•35 " 

.50 " 



Golf Waists . 

Flannel Waists 

. . . 5.00 " 



Cheviot Waists 

. . S.00 

Collar Buttons . 

.10 " 


Sweaters , . 

. . S-oo " 


Umbrellas . . . 

1.50 " 


Pajamas . . 

• • 4-S° " 


Abdominal Bands 

1.50 " 


Union Undergar 

ments 2.50 " 


Woolen Knee Caps 



. . . 15.00 

Fleecy Lined Bed H 

ose 2.25 

Mackintoshes to 

order 10.00 " 


Couch Covers 

6.00 " 


Cravencttes to order . 10.50" 


Traveling Rugs . 

7.00 " 


Walking Gloves 

. . 2.00 

Plush Rugs . . 


Driving Gloves 

. . . 2.50 

Sleeping Robes . 

3-5° " 


Golf Gloves . 

. . . 2.00 

Colored Dolls . 


Bicycle Gloves 

. . . 1.50 

Humber Bicycles, 

$100.00 to 




Noyes Bros., 

Washington and Summer Streets, Boston, Mass., U. S. A. 

M. R. Warren Co. 


Engravers and 



Pens, Ink, Pencils, 

Pocketbooks, Card Cases, Playing Cards, 

Fountain Pens, Stylographic Pens, 


Students' Notebooks, 

Address, Engagement, Shoppingand VisitingBooks 

Paine's Duplicate Whist, 


Everything in Writing Materials. 


No. 336 Washington Street, Boston. 


GEO. fl. FLUE & BO., 

Ladies' and Children's 


Our Display of 

Coats, Suits, Wraps, Furs, Waists, 
Rainproof Garments, Tea Gowns, 
and Silk Petticoats is the handsom- 
est and most complete we have ever 
shown, including our own direct im- 
portation of 

Paris and Berlin Novelties. 

Correct Styles. Moderate Prices. 

Nos. 531 and 533 Washihgtok Street, 


Telephone 2254. 

Frank Wood, Boston, Mass.